No definitive therapy is recognized, but topical minoxidil 2% (1 mL night and day for 1 y) led to an increase of normal hair shaft without any adverse effects in one report. Topical minoxidil 2% may be a good therapeutic option to treat monilethrix, although its use in children may require enhanced monitoring.
What causes hair to bead?
Monilethrix is a condition that affects hair growth. Its most characteristic feature is that individual strands of hair have a beaded appearance like the beads of a necklace. The name monilethrix comes from the Latin word for necklace (monile) and the Greek word for hair (thrix).
What are the treatments for monilethrix?
While there is no recognized definitive treatment for monilethrix, oral acitretin and topical 2% minoxidil have shown good clinical and cosmetic results with continued use.
What are the symptoms of monilethrix?
Monilethrix is a rare inherited disorder characterized by sparse, dry, and/or brittle hair that often breaks before reaching more than a few inches in length. The hair may lack luster, and there may be patchy areas of hair loss (alopecia).
Is there a cure for Trichorrhexis Nodosa?
Trichorrhexis nodosa can be cured by taking proper and gentle care of the hair. Most of the cases are acquired due to external environment factors like perming, high heat treatments, exposure to ultraviolet light and chemical treatment of the hair.
What are beaded extensions?
Beaded weft extensions are a type of hair extension where the hair is sewn into a horizontal strip, which is called a weft. Your stylist then secures the extension to your head by pairing small sections of the strand of extensions with your own hair.
Can hair fuse together?
Pili bifurcati describes abnormal branching of the hair shaft. This can occur at multiple points. The branches often fuse together again further up the shaft.
How can Monilethrix be prevented?
The avoidance of trauma is the most effective method of managing this anomaly. Congenitally abnormal hair tends to have an increased susceptibility to weathering and cosmetic damage (eg, sunlight exposure, dyeing, bleaching, perming, curling), which can prevent hair from growing to its maximum length.
What is ringed hair?
▼ Description. Pili annulati, or ‘ringed hair,’ is a disorder in which scalp hairs show alternating light and dark bands. It is often an incidental finding, and the hair usually does not show increased fragility (Green et al., 2004). See also pseudopili annulati (613241), a distinct entity.
Is White Piedra harmful?
Although white piedra is a relatively harmless condition, without treatment, it can lead to brittle and damaged hair. People can treat it by shaving the affected area and applying an antifungal medication.
How is traction alopecia treated?
Medical treatment options reported to have been used in traction alopecia include:
- Antibiotics to prevent infection.
- Topical or intralesional steroids.
- Topical antifungal shampoos.
- Biotin supplements.
- Hair replacement surgery.
What treatment has been scientifically proven to increase hair growth?
Products with minoxidil help many people regrow their hair or slow the rate of hair loss or both. It’ll take at least six months of treatment to prevent further hair loss and to start hair regrowth.
What contagious condition is caused by head lice?
Head lice (pediculosis capitis) is a common, highly contagious infection that often occurs in nurseries, day care centers, and schools. It is caused by infestation with the human head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis, and it is usually very itchy.
How is Trichorrhexis treated?
- Gentle brushing with a soft brush instead of aggressive brushing or ratting.
- Avoiding harsh chemicals such as those used in straightening compounds and perms.
- Not using a very hot hair dryer for long periods and not ironing the hair.
- Using a gentle shampoo and a hair conditioner.
Is Trichorrhexis Nodosa permanent?
Trichorrhexis nodosa can spontaneously resolve. In all cases, diagnosis depends on careful microscopy examination and, if possible, scanning electron microscopy. Treatment is aimed at minimizing mechanical and physical injury, and chemical trauma.
What does Trichorrhexis Nodosa look like?
hair appears patchy. hair breaks easily close to scalp. hair may have thickenings or nodes in the shaft. ends of hair thinned or split.