How do you read a sewing machine needle size?

The American sizing system is numbered from 8 to 18. For both sizing systems, the lower the number the finer the needle and the higher the number the larger the needle. Most needle companies show both sizes on the package.

How do I know what size my sewing machine needle is?

The needle size is determined by the shaft diameter. The groove is the indentation located on the front of the needle. The thread is protected in the channel as the needle passes through the fabric. The scarf is the indentation on the back of the needle above the eye.

What do the sewing machine needle numbers mean?

In simple terms, the larger the number the thicker the needle. The smaller number relates to the American system and ranges from 8 to 20 and the larger number is for the European system and ranges from 60 to 120. Common sewing machine needle sizes are 60/8, 70/10, 75/11, 80/12, 90/14 and100/16.

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What does 70 10 mean on a sewing machine needle?

Ball-point Knits 70/10 – 100/16 This needle has a medium tip that is a slightly more rounded than a universal needle and passes between the fabric threads instead of piercing them. … These needles are available in the widest size range. Use when stitching synthetic or natural wovens and knits.

What is a 90 14 needle used for?

90/14 – suitable for medium weight fabrics, e.g. slightly heavier weight cotton, polyester, linen, lightweight upholstery fabric. Lighter weight fabrics such as silk (chiffon, organza, crepe-de-chine) will require a smaller sized needle. The lighter the fabric the smaller the needle required.

What is a size 14 sewing machine needle?

Size 14 (European 90) – Choose when sewing medium-weight fabrics such as rayon, gabardine, satin, chino, linen, denim; thick quilts. Use ballpoint size 14 for light to medium-weight knits such as tricot or jersey.

What is an 80 12 needle used for?

Double Eye 80/12 A Universal needle with two eyes, used on wovens and knits. Used with two threads for topstitching, shading and texturing effects and for embroidery. Stretch 75/11, 90/14 The medium ball point, special eye and scarf are specially designed to prevent skipped stitches.

What size needle should I use for cotton?

Use an 80/12 needle. A Jeans or Denim Needle has a very sharp tip, slender eye and a strong shaft. This is good for sewing on tough, heavyweight fabrics such as denim, duck and canvas. Use a 90/14 or a 100/16 needle if sewing on these fabrics; a lighter 70/10 or 80/12 if sewing on cotton.

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What are different size sewing needles for?

The finer needles are mostly used for lightweight fabrics. Larger sizes are used on medium to heavyweight fabrics. Polyester / cotton or silk threads should be used with a universal needle.

What is the size of the finest needle?

Various needle lengths are available for any given gauge. Needles in common medical use range from 7 gauge (the largest) to 33 (the smallest).

How do you read a needle number?

The European metric sizing system for sewing machine needles is numbered from 60 to 110. The American sizing system is numbered from 8 to 18. For both sizing systems, the lower the number the finer the needle and the higher the number the larger the needle. Most needle companies show both sizes on the package.

What are 75 11 needles used for?

Needle Sizes

Size Benefit
75/11 Standard needle size and good for the majority of embroidery applications.
80/12 Largest of the more common needles. Often used caps with buckram backing or cotton duct jackets to help alleviate thread breaks.
90/14 Used with some specialty and metallic threads.

What is a 100 16 needle used for?

Large needle sizes – 100/16 and 120/18 – These are for heavyweight, tough fabrics, like thick leather, heavyweight canvas, and dense upholstery fabrics. They are used with heavyweight threads such as upholstery and topstitching threads.

What is a 70 09 needle used for?

Needles come in 3 sizes: 70/09 – for use on sheer, lightweight fabrics, 60/08 – for use on lightweight fabrics, and 80/11 – for use on silk and other lightweight woven fabrics. Needles can be used by SINGER, Brother, Kenmore and other quality sewing machines.

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What is a 70 9 needle used for?

The Universal needle has a slightly rounded ball point for general sewing, making it suitable for use with most wovens and knits. It also works great on tightly woven knits where a ball point would be too big. It has a long scarf that is great for zigzag stitching.